Chapter 21 Chaim Zeloduker (Bakshter) -- Eliashberg family




Chaim Bakshter, also known as Chaim Zeloduker, b. approx. 1700. His name indicates his origins are from the towns of Baksht and Zeloduk.  Based on the birthdates of his greatgrandchildren, his brith date can be approximated. He was born as early as 1670 or as late as 1720. “Bakshter” and “Zeloduker” are not inherited names – he lived before family names were required, and so his sons did not have those geographicallydescriptive names as surnames. He was identified as the grandfather of Yehoshua Heshel Efron “Heshel Ivenetser” in Ir Vilna [GEN037], a biographical compilation about the important Jewish families of Vilna, which is today’s Vilnius, Lithuania.


The ancestry of Yehoshua Heshel Efron is given in Ir Vilna (translated from Hebrew) [GEN037]:


The respected Rabbi Yehoshua Heshel Efran

Son of the respected Rabbi Elihu

Son of the respected Rabbi Avraham, “Sweet Mouth”

Son of the the Rabbi, the Tzadik [Righteous], the respected Rabbi Chaim Zholoduker


[Courtesy of Ted Gostin: “In Otzar ha-Rabanim by Friedman, there is an entry for a Chaim BAKSHTER, but it is the most uninformative entry I've ever seen in the book. Basically, it says "Rabbi Chaim BAKSHTER, exalted, righteous, famous forever." As you can see, this isn't a particularly helpful entry (entry #5915).]



Zheludok, also spelled Zoludek or Zeludok, is located at 53ø 36', 24ø 59', 176 km West Southwest of Lvov.  In JGFF, see                , who is researching the name               in this town. There is a memorial book, Sefer Zholodok V'Orlova, 1967, part in English.  It is directly east of Grodno, two-thirds of the way toward Lida. Baksht is located at ----.


>              Abraham “Peh Tehor” (Sweet Mouth”) [Ir Vilna], b. approx. 1730 [RS028; RS029]. It is possible that the name Peh Tehor refers to a book he wrote


In addition, Ir Vilna indicates that Yehoshua Heshel EFRON was the father of Abraham Efron, who was the father of Ilya, the publisher [Ir Vilna, p. -- VERIFY].


On the other hand, there is this descent, based on census (revision list) records RS 028-031.


Osvey (Yehoshua) EFRON (EFRYN/EFRAN)

>              Eliahu (Yosef Eliahu) “Ilya” Eliashberg,” 1761 = Malka; = Pesya

>              >              Samuel [cite?]

>              >              Rushke [cite?]

>              >              Leah, b. 1788

>              >              Yehoshua Heshel Efron, b. 1794

>              >              >              Abram Efron, b. 1840

>              >              >              Rivka, b. 1842

>              >              >              Malka, b. 1844


[JewishGen, CITE, VERIFY]. In Ir Vilna, Eliahu’s father is Abraham, but in the revision list, his father is Yehoshua. Perhaps he had a double name – Abraham Yehoshua or Yehoshua Abraham.


It is written that a relative of Yehoshua adopted the surname Efron in 1804 because he believed that the family was descended from the tribe of Ephraim, and Ephraim became corrupted by the officials who kept the records of surnames [Mekor Boruch]. Ir Vilna has a similar account [verify].


>              >              Yosef Eliahu (Elya) “Iveneetser” Eliashberg, b. abt. 1760 or 1766 [RS028; RS029; RS030; RS031], married Malka, b. 1768 [RS029]. RS029 says that Elya was born about 1766.  Malka was the daughter of Shmuel, the ABD of Rosh.[GEN037] Also related to (needs to be translated) Israel Shmuel, ABD of Kamin, a student of the Vilna Gaon, and he died in 1824. [GEN037] If there is a connection to the Amdur branch, it may be that Yosef Eliahu was brother or brother-in-law to Leib of Amdur, or perhaps he was a brother or brother-in-law toTsinne, and Leib adopted his wife’s family name.


Dr. Ruth Marcus of Israel has researched her Eliashberg family, with origins in Chikishok, Bauska and Rumsiskes, Lithuania.  Her ggggf was Yosef Rumsisker b’ Yehuda Leib, Moreh Tzedek of Rumsiskes.  Her family’s connections, although not by family links, are to the Ivenets Eliashbergs, Volozhin families, and Ha Rav Naftali Tzvi Berlin (Ha’ Natziv).  Her grandfather and his family lived in Lunna: her ggf Itzko-Leib b’ Mordecai Eliasberg came to Grodno district around 1865.  Itzchak, her father, was born in Lunna in 1910, son of Ovsey (Yehoshua).  Ovsey’s brothers were Yosef and Movsha, and they also lived in Lunna.


Paul Eliasberg related to me the story of the “Eliasberg Stone.” This message on the tablet is unknown, but its origins were ancient. [INT023]


Eliashberg is also spelled and pronounced without the H, thus, “Eliasberg.”


According to a webstie of Eliashberg genealogy set up by Ruth Marcus and Paul Eliashberg (no longer functioning), the children of Yosef Eliahu Eliasberg were Zev Wolf Kaminer Ivenetser; Itzchak Isaac Ivenetser and Israel Shmuel, ABD of Kamien (Source: Ir Vilna).


The Book Ir Vilna at pages 265-266 has biographical and genealogical information about Yosef Elias Eliashberg Efron’s family. [GEN--]


Yosef Eliahu Eliashberg was born 1779 and he lived in Vilna. He was related to (need translated) Mattityhu, the son of Shmuel Strashun, b. 1819, d. 1885.[Source? – Ivenets Yizkor book?]


The Ivenets Yizkor book states that only one of Yosef Eliahu Eliashberg’s sons appears to have adopted the name Efron, although there are many Efrons in Ivenets going back to at least the early parts of  the 19th century, according to the Revision Lists of Ivenets. The one Eliashberg son who adopted the Efron name may have done so because it was the name of his wife’s family.


Other Eliashberg family members are presented here on the chance that they are indeed related to the Efron families of Ivenets. Their fuller genealogy is available from various sources, includuing The Unbroken Chain and the Ivenets Yizkor Book.


>              >              >              Israel Shmuel. He lived in Kamien, went to Palestine, and died in Tzfat in 1824. No further information is known about him. It is not known if he adopted the name Efron.


>              >              >              Rushka. No further information is known about her.


>              >              >              Leah, b. 1788 [RS029]. No further information is known about her.


>              >              >              Yitzchak Eizik “Ivenetser” Eliashberg. SEE BELOW FOR DESCENDENTS


>              >              >              Zev Wolf Eliashberg of “Eyrat” Kamin (need translation).


>              >              >              >              Yosef Eliahu, d. 1881 [verify – source?]


>              >              >              Yehoshua Heshel “Ivenetser” Efron (Heshel Ivenetser), b. 1794 [RS030; RS031], d. 1867, Vilna,  married 1. Unknown. Yehoshua Efron was a member of the Eliashberg/Efron family, but used the surname Efron. He may have been born in Ivenets. No wife is listed for him in 1818 [RS030] Although originally from Ivenets, he was re-registered to the merchant class of Vilna [RS031]  Otzer HaRabanim records a Heshel Eliashberg as rabbi in Smilovitz and that his father-in-law is Shlomah Grodzenski, born tuf resh lamed vav [verify date].. Part of a tour of Vilna Jewish sites includes this burial location.


 “Behold a person with the outlook of his heart and logic of his mind!” [cite to Mekor Boruch, courtesy J. Lewis]


An anecdote about Heshel Efron in Mekor Boruch [Cite] is in the context of a discussion which was summarized by Jonathan Lewis, who translated the passage. In a afootnote, the author relates the story about the origin of the name EFRON (see p—in introduction)


The discussion was about the importance for a Rabbi to not only be careful in his rabbinic rulings to avoid transgressions between man and G-d (eg situations where an animal may or not be kosher where if in his ruling he is lenient it may happen that the person would eat something not kosher. Therefore the tendency of the Rabbi may be to be stricter so the person does not have the possibility of eating something non-kosher). Rather the Rabbi should also consider the financial or personal loss as well and not rule just to be safe (because if he unnecessarily rules that an animal is not kosher – he will cause the person to lose money or be inconvenienced in other ways). [The point is that a Rabbi should follow the law exactly but not overzealously given that a person may be harmed by the outcome] (J. Lewis)


“And I remembered that when I was a youth studying in the Yeshiva in Volozhin, I heard a story that expresses the above idea in the name of one of the Dayanim there [in Volozhin] yet from the previous generation [implying that he was old] by the name of R Heshel Efron who was known as Rabbi Heshel Ivnetezer who resigned completely from issuing Rabbinic rulings giving the reason that he is fearful that perhaps in his ruling he may err and permit something that is not allowed or even worse than that he may err in his ruling and forbid something that should be permissible. And he gave a reason why the second circumstance was worse; because if he permitted something that was in fact not allowed then his transgression would be only to heaven [G-d] because he issued an incorrect ruling not according to Halacha. However if he forbids something that should have been permissible then his transgression is double; once for ruling in error and second for causing the person [who came for a ruling] damages and loss of money.” (explanatory notes by J. Lewis)


In Mekor Boruch [cite] Rabbi Epstein comments that R Heshel Efron did not allow himself to be called or referred to with the title usually given to a Dayan - “Moreh Tzedek” or in abbreviation M”atz or M’otz [Moreh = teacher, Tzedek= truth or righteousness] because he said who knows if he was actually truthful or righteous. Rather he preferred to be called a Moreh Horaah [Moreh= teacher Horaah= law or rulings] because no matter what at minimum he is still a teacher. [cite to Mekor Boruch] (J. Lewis)


It is not known with certainty by which of his three wives his children were born. Based on birth dates, though, some presumptions can be made.


>              >              >              >              Abraham Efron, b. 1820, 1827 or abt. 1840 [RS031], Ivenets, d. 8/27/02, Vilna. [SEE BELOW]


>              >              >              married 2. Frieda. She was the daughter of Yoel b’ Wolf HaCohen Tiger and Channa bat Chaim ben Zalman of Vilna. [source?]


>              >              >              married 3. Peshe (Paia), b. abt. 1814 [RS031]. She was the daughter of Mordecai b’ Tanchun ABD of Grodno.  Pesya was the wife of Heshel in 1850 [RS031] The names Mordecai and Tanchun occur frequently in the Efron family of Amdur, when considering their relative commonness at this time and place. [source?]


>              >              >              >              Rivkah Horowitz, b. abt. 1842 [RS031], married Aharon “Aharele” HaLevi Horowitz of Vitebsk, b. the day prior to Simchas Torah, 1828, Vitebsk.  He was the son of Mikel David and Rivkah bat Chaim Dimshitz. [Source?]


>              >              >              >              Malka, b. abt. 1844. [RS031]


Abraham Efron of Vilna, son of Yehoshua Heshel of Vilna, son of Yosef Eliahu Eliashberg of Ivenets, son of Abraham, son of Chaim Bakshter/Zeludoker


See discussion above regarding the ancestry of Abraham.


Abraham, b. 1820 (or abt. 1827 or 1840 [RS031; BIO018]), Ivenets, d. 8/27/1902, Vilna, married 1. Tauba (Toby) Vilner, b. 1828, Serhei, d. Vilna, Iyar 13, 1861 [OBIT073].  She was the great-granddaughter of the Vilna Gaon, one of the most celebrated rabbis in Jewish history. Her father was Yosef Yekhezkel of Serhei, who was the son of Leib, who was the son of the Vilna Gaon.  Her mother was Beila Shakhor.  Abraham was a talmudic scholar and merchant. He is referred to as Alexander at one point.  See Eliyhu’s Branches for information on the background of Tauba Vilner.  One of his daughters married Rafael of Rassein, but which daughter is not known [Chaim Freedman, author of Eliyhu’s Branches] There is additional material, untranslated, in Ir Vilna in the fifth line of the footnote on page 179. [MISC010]


There is a Raissa Efron and a Zazilie Efron who matriculated at Zurich University in the late 1890s. They came from Mogilev (Mohilef). Raissa Efron appears in one Google search, where her research of congenital heart defects are referenced, althout only in passing and without citation. Raissa’s dissertation may be available online, but no further references .


Abraham was the author of Makor HaHalkot Vhadynim (Vilna, 1901) There is no biographical information in the book.


According to one descendent, the children of Avraham’s frist wife, Tauba, were: Ilya, b. 1847, Yoil, Yokhem, Isaak and Berta. Taken with other sources, it is determined that he had the following 20 known children, subject to further verification:



By his first wife, Tabuba Vilner:


Freida Rosenthal

Ilya (Eliahu)

Akim Effront (Aron)

Jean Effront (Isaac;  Ivan or Eugene)

Evsey (Yehoshua)

Grigory (Israel Hirsh?)

Flora Kochnitzky

Anna (Kramansky?) Kramnik



Berta Kantorovich


By his second wife, Sophia Unknown:



Osip (Yosif)


Semyon “Simon”

Maria Schaikevich


Mavrikey (Mavrilly?)

Andre (Andrew)

Borisa Basilinskoro (adopted)


Acknowledgements: Ruth Marcus; Vera Efron; Natalia Reverdin Effront, Barbara Guarneri, Etinene Périer, Boris Effront, Ted Gostin, Jonathan Lewis, Ed Effron, Vera Efron, Sonia Peterson, Vera Efron.


>              Freida Rosenthal, b. 1844, d. 1929, Belgium, married 7/12/1861 [GEN027] to Efroim Leyzor Rosenthal, b. 5/19/1842. There is a Family Tree Maker family tree of the Rosenthal family, which has many familiar family (i.e rabbinic) names [GEN026 at Page 4]. The Rosenthal family was established in the Suwalki area. She studied medicine in Paris. According to one descendent, Frieda was a product of the second marriage, although no birth date is known. Perhaps Freida was born from the second wife, but based on available records, Freida appears to be the oldest known child.


Jewish Telegraphic Agency

July 24, 1929

Vilna Gaon's Grandchild Wills Language Foundation
Vilna -

A foundation in memory of the Vilna Gaon will be established at the
University of Vilna with a fund of 10,000 zlotys, bequeathed in the will of
Madame Efron-Rosenthal, a great-granddaughter of Rabbi Elijah, the Gaon of
Vilna. Madame Efron-Rosenthal, who died recently in Belgium was the sister
of the co-partner in the Leipsig publishing house, Brokhus.

Vilna Jews were somewhat surprised to read that under the terms of the will
the foundation was established to further studies in Germanic and Romance


Russian leader Lt. Col. Vladimir Peniakoff was born in Huy, Belguim, 3/30/1897, to Dmitri Alexandrovitch, a Russian scientist who had emigrated to Brussels in 1894, and Anna Braun, “a member of a well-known Jewish family named Rosenthal, originally from Suwalki in Lithuania. She was connected through her maternal uncle with the Effront family, descendants of the Vilna Gaon.” Popski was unaware of his Jewish roots. (Based on a 1/14/1955 book review in the The Jewish Chronicle, the book “Popski: A Life of Lt.-Col. Vladimir Peniakoff”, by John Willett)


In the Jewish Records Indexing database there is a Josiel Mejer Braun who married Basza Rozenthal in Suwalk in 1867. Basza’s parents are Lewin and Leja (Jankelowna) (Mintz) Rosenthal. These are the same parents as the parents of Efroim Lijzor Rozenthal, husband of Frjda Efron, as indicated in a very thorough family tree of the Mintz family, a large branch of which is the Rosenthal family of Suwalk [GEN026].


>              >              Tauba, b. 12/22/1862 [GEN027; verify: JRI Poland?]


>              Ilya (Eliahu), , b. 1847 or 1846, d. 4/19/1917, married 9/6/1864 to Sheina (Solomea) Tykociner, b. about 1845. She was the daughter of Nahum (Nachman b’ Chaim) and Feiga Rasha b’ Abram.  He attended gymnasium (high school) in Warsaw. [MISC015a]. He was a famous publisher in St. Petersburg in the firm of Brokhaus and Efron. [BIO018]


In Excursions in St. Petersburg (correct title?), Excursion One: The Inner Canals, page 1 begins: “We shall start our tour at an ordinary four-storied house on Prachechny Pere’ulok No. 6.” In the early 20th century this was the location of Brockhaus and Efron. Ilya Abramovitch Yefron was the son of a merchant and learned Talmudist. He was born in Vilna, 1847.  He was named after his maternal great-great grandfather the Vilna Gaon. His early Hebrew education was guided by his father, and he enrolled in the “Warsaw High School.” His publishing activities began in 1880. From 1890-1907 Brockhaus and Efron published the Russian Encyclopedic Dictionary, consisting of 86 volumes and was the first of its kind in scope and importance. They also published the 16 volume Yevreiskaya Entsiklopedia – the Russian language Jewish encyclopedia.


Their children are presented in a czarist police file because of Teresa’s association with Vera Gurary. As presented by the researcher in his translation[GARF001] it appears that the children of Ilya are his siblings, but from other sources it is known that they are his children.


>              >              Nami (f). She died young.  [MISC140]


I was leafing through Hebrew books one day at Hebrew College’s library, and some how I found a poem about this little girl. Perhaps it is her epitaph. The Hebrew word “Efron” caught my eye as I was flipping the pages to see what the book might be about. [MISC140]


>              >              Henrikh, b. abt. 1867. He attended the University of St. Petersberg.


>              >              Ippolit (m). He was an engineer.


>              >              Heronymus (Ilronin or Geronim), b. abt. 1873. He was a “mountain engineer.”


>              >              Albert


>              >              Teresa (Therese) (Tauba) “Vera Starkoff.” She was a student at Geneva University. She was associated with Vera Gurary in Paris. This Vera Gurary was sought by the police because of her revolutionary activities. Therese Effront is buried in the Montparnasse cemetery, with Akim Effront (Natalia Reverdin Effront). She used the pen name or alias of Vera Starkoff.


As a result of her association with Gurary the Czarist police created a file that identified her family [GARF001]. This file sets out the family of Abraham Efron, her grandfather.


Vera Starkoff was a well known feminist writer.


>              Akim (Aron) Effront, b. abt. 1851. He moved to Paris as of 3/13/1889. He was a student at the New Alexander Institute. He was a correspondent for the newspaper “Novosty.” [GARF001] In the 1909 book of the Legion de Honor, “Akim Effront” is listed as a Grand Officer. DNA status: possible. He is buried in Montparnasse, with Therese Effront [N. Reverdin].


There are various references to him in books, regarding his role as an Russian correspondent in France. [verify: list examples]


>              Jean Effront (Isaac; Ivan or Eugene), b. abt. 1855, Vilna [GARF001], d. 8/22/1931, Brussels. He is buried at the Ixelles Cemetery in Brussels. His gravestone says he was born 1856.


He was a Chemist specializing in the fermentation process and enzymes.  He studied in Moscow, Berlin, Geneva and Zurich.  He received his science degree in 1884 in Zurich.  He was professor at the New University of Brussels and was Director of the Institute of Fermentations in Brussels.  Early publishing (c. 1905) was in French publications. (From J.C. Poggendorff's Handworterbuch (1923-31) p. 639; copy on file).  He was living in Brussels in 1898 according to the preface of his book, Enzymes.


[INTERVIEWAbout her family, Natalia  Reverdin Effront contacted me saying: “My great-grandfather was exiled out of Russia in the 1880s because he couldn’t study there. He was in Paris, in the Pasteur Institute, in Zurich, and his brial is in the cemetery of Ixelles in Brussels. His son, Ivan, went to Switzerland to study and was living on funding (“in pension”) in thele traditionj in our family, which is to put Russian numbers to one of our children. My first daughter therefore is Tatiana. I’m living in Spain for 20 years. I’m a pastor but I love Judaism since I was very young. We knew for six years all the history of our family  because Mrs. Cecilia Beach is working on a book about feminism and she discovered that the writer Vera Starkoff was in fact Tauba Efron, daughter of Ilya Efron, brother of my great-grandfather Jean Isaac. Her burial is in Paris, in Montparnasse, and she is buried with Akim Efron, another brother of her father. In my family we write Efron as “Effront,” maybe to make is sound more French.” (Natalia Reverdin)


>              >              Nadine, d. 1973, married 1. Guarneri. He died young. She was married five times, and had three grandchildren.  (EP).  She lived in Paris where she was a sculptor, primarily, and also did some drawings and designed some furniture. She lived in Paris but died in Brussels (N. Reverdin)


Description: nadine soudant.png   Description: Nadine Effront Sculpture 1.jpg  Description: Nadine Effront Sculpture 2.jpg



>              >              Married 2. Peter Lyon of England


>              >              Jean (Ivan Auguste), b. abt. 1898, Brussels, Belgium [ARR003, ARR135; ARR139; ARR140], d. Lausanne, 12/7/1985 , married Anny Vittoz, b. 7/9/1895, Yverdon, Avy (? Translating)), d. 1968. She was the daughter of Edouard Samuel Vittoz and Clara (Zehner) The Chollet online family tree of Effront/Vittoz has the family tree. [The web site is: ]


After he married, Ivan became a Swiss citizen (N. Reverdin). He was a chemist. He was a Swiss citizen residing in Seclin, France when he travelled to the US a few times. There was a rumor that he was adopted.


[On 7/31/07 I found the Vittoz family tree, in French, which has details of the descendents of Ivan, et seq. ] At is th family tree of the Chollet family, which includes Ivan’s Effront family. The Chollet family is from “Maracon/Vaud/Suisse.” That family tree begins with Yvan Effront as the earliest Effront, but has much more details of recent and current generations than the Vitoz Family tree. The mother of Edouard Samuel Vittoz was Jeann Louise Chollet (1849-1920).


>              >              Married 2. to F. Raymonde. They may not have formalized their relationship (N. Reverdin)


>              >              Married 3. to Mrs. Magdeleine Janssens, d. between 1973 and 1980 (N. Reverdin)


>              Evsey (Yehoshua), b. abt. 1856 (1867, Vera Efron). He lived in St. Petersberg in 1889, according to the GARF research, but elsewhere there it lists his name again, as a son of Abraham, and says that in 1889 he is an assistant in a chemist’s shop in Vilna. [GARF001]


>              Grigory (Israel Hirsh?), b. abt. 1861, married prior to 1889 to Fedosia (Feiga) Yadlover (or Edlovkina), b. abt. 1871. She was the daughter of Semen. Grigory was a dentist in Vitebsk. He was a ppg. [GARF001].


>              Flora Kochnitzky, married Kochnitzky.


>              >              Lolo (Leon)

>              >              Toto (m)


>              Anna Kramnik, married Kramnik (Kramansky?). He had a high position in the Russian government, which can be translated asf “Real Estate Advisor.” [GARF001]


>              >              Alexander


>              Yoel (aka Jules?, aka Yosef?). He had emigrated from Russia as of 1889. In 1889, he was a doctor in Medicine in Dusseldorf University, and later in Paris and Zurich. He had a close association with one Elena Weintraub, a doctor at the Dusseldorf University. [GARF001]


>              Lora (m). Could this be Leon Efron of Philadelphia? (See Chapter--)


>              Berta Kantorovich, married 1895 in Warsaw to Yankel Kantorovich [cite]. She was a student or teacher at the St. Petersburg Gymnasium in 1889 [GARF001]. She was a daughter by wife Tauba (Vera Efron).


Berta’s marriage record is indexed in the Jewish Records index project. She was married in 1895 in Warsaw to Jankel Kanterowicz [cite].


>              >              Anatoly

>              >              Vladimir


married 2. after 1861 to Sophia Unknown, b. abt. 1836 or 1837 (Vera Efron). She was the daughter of Timofey. [GARF001]  She may not have been Jewish. She was the mother ofGustav (Vera Efron), and probably several others.


>              Gustav, b. 1863 (VE). He once had an important [import?] business in Smolensk and Yaroslav. As of 1889, he had lived in Vilna since 1886. [GARF001]. His mother was the second wife of Abraham (VE).  He graduated from the real [teaching] school. He was an honored citizen and ppg. [GARF001]


>              >              Timofey (m)


>              >              Semyon (Simon).


>              >              Yakov


>              >              Olga, b. 1895


>              >              Nataliya


>              >              Yelena, b. 1898


>              Osip (Yosif), b. abt. 1865.  He was a graduate of St. Petersburg University. He was a legal clerk in St. Petersburg in 1889. [GARF001] He did not have children.


>              Yudel, b. abt. 1865.


>              Semyon (Simon), b. Vilna, 1866, d. 6/21/1933 [NAT044], married in Smolensk, 6/23/1903 to Rosa Schweitzer, b. Smolensk, 11/8/1871 [ARR040; ARR070]. She arrived first on 11/14/1934 on the Champlain sailing from Havre, France. She last resided in Paris, where she made her home at 2 Villa Chanez, Paris, and is going to her son Alexander Efron at Ft. Wahington Ave. in NYC. She visited Europe in 1937 and then returned to the US in 1938. At that time, she was living with her sister-in-law Marie Scharkewitch, in Paris. He appears to be the Simon Efron who arrived in the US in 1904. That Simon Efron was a baker, married, and had last lived in London. He was joining his brother (Ilan?) in NYC [ARR102] In 1940 she lives with George and Hedwig in New York. [CEN40--]


Rosa must have been previously married to someone named Lipshitz (or Livschutz or Liwschuetz) because she reports that she married Simon in 1903, but her two children were born prior to then. Both children arrived in the US under a variation of the name Lipshitz.


>              >              Alexander (Nee Livschutz?), b. 5/18/1893, Smolensk, d. 12/23/1950 [Verify old DEATH record 50; EST 7; NAT014], married 3/13/1927 Marie Margaret, b. NYC 4/26/1898.  Arrived in U.S. at NY by rail from Montreal  on 12/21/1928, under the name of Alex Livschutz. He was vice president of the National Safety Bank and Trust Company, Broadway & 38th St., in 1935. He created the no monthly charge, no minimum balance account (5 cents per transaction), quite an innovation for its day. [NYT021] He was 6’ tall. He did not have children.


>              >              George (Uri) (nee Livschutz?), b. 2/8/1898 or 1/27/1898, St. Petersberg or Vilna, d. 1/1969, NYC [SSDI088; NAT038; EST 4; ARR148], married 1.12/31/1927 in Berlin to Hedwig, b. 7/28/1894, Ishora, Russia. He also lived in Berlin in 1935. [NAT044] They arrived 4/1/1936 from Southampton to NY. He arrived under the name of Yuri Liwschuetz (i.e. Lipschitz). He also lived in Shanghai in the 1940s [verify source] . He is possibly the same as George Efron, a 50 year-old, English-speaking jeweler born in Welno, Poland, who arrived from Shanghai in 1939 [ARR194]. When naturalized in 1936 he states that he lives at 61 W. 85th St. and is an engineer.


>              >              married 2. abt. 1952, NYC, to Johanna “Anna” Unknown, b. 6/5/1900, Germany, d. 12/29/1994, New York, NY [SSDI578]. George was her fourth husband. [cite re: MARRIAGE]. There were no children born to their union.


>              >              Vera, b. 2/9/1905 or 1/27/1905, d. 9/2/1993 [SSDI195].  She lived in Wardsboro, VT.


>              >              Sonia (Sophie) Peterson


>              Maria Schaikevich, b. 1872 (Maria born 1872, Vera Efron), married Schaikevich. They lived in Paris at I 43 Blvd, Paris, I4 in 1936 and at 2 Villa Chaney, Paris in 1934. In 1934, Sonia, her niece, was living with M. Schaikevich at that address.  See arrival of Sonia and arrival of Maria’s sister-in-law Rosa Efron, both of which reference Maria. [ARR067; ARR068; ARR069 (?); ARR070] They did not have children.


There is a record of a marriage of a Maria Efron to Sheikovich to -- in Camden, NJ in 1893 [verify] on  No further information other than a summary of the document is available.


>              Nikolai, b. abt. 1878 (1876, Vera Efron). In 1889, he is a student in the Vilna Gymnasium. [GARF001]. He did not have children.


>              Mavrikiy or Mavriliy, b. abt. 1879 (1868, Vera Efron), d. 1887. [GARF001]


>              Andre “Andrew”, b. abt. 1899, St. Petersburg, d. 1968, married Julia, b.  2/10/1901, St. Petersburg, d. 3/22/1993, Bloomfield, CT [SSDI191; NAT089]. It seems unlikely that he was the son of Abraham, since Abraham would have been possibly as old as 79 when Andre was born, so his place here is tentative.


Andrei was not included in the police records of St. Petersburg, GARF001,, but his arrival states that he was born in St .Peterbsurg and his sister is Marie Tcherpine [Verify: indexed as Toherpine?) of 10 Rue Michelet, Issy les Moulineaux, France. Presumably, Marie Tcherpine is the same as Marie Schaikevich [ARR069], but that may not be correct.   He was a research fellow at Yale University in New Haven, CT in 1940 when he wrote a paper that said that Zarathustra was not as old as most biblical interpretations suggested. When he arrived in 1937 he was traveling to join a “friend” in New Haven, a Professor Vernadsky. He left Russia in 1919, and likely went to France before coming to the US. [NYT022] In 1938 he lives with Julia in New Haven and is a research worker at Yale [DIR038]. In 1955, 1965 and 1967 he is also in New Haven directories. [DIR052] In the 1942 New Haven directory he is listed as Andrew Eferen, a student and married to Monica (this may not be the same Andrew, based on the differences). [DIR052]


>              >              Anne, b. abt. 1922, Kuokkolo, Finland. She came to the US in 1937 with her parents.


>              Borisa Basilinskoro was adoppted by Abraham Efron. She was the daughter of Boris. Perhaps she was a step-daughter. [GARF001]


There is a question of whether the Efron and Eliashberg families are realted by blood, based on the entry in the Ivenets Yiskor book. For more information about the illustrious Eliashberg family, see GEN039 and GEN040 – the latter being a more detailed look at the family genealogy of Yitzchak Isaac Eliashberg, and GEN 041, another view of the Eliashberg genealogy.


[Mekor Boruch: The book was published in 1938 in Vilna but it was written in the years preceding World War I in Minsk. Rabbi Epstein relates that during that period because of the difficulties of the war he was unable to devote himself to learning and studying with his usual intensity so therefore he decided to write Mekor Boruch as a memoir and biographical sketches of Jewish personalities from the Torah world. (J. Lewis)]